Apple in India was first brought into country from Liverpool in 1838 and planted in Mussoorie. In 1850, the British planted some trees in the Nilgiri Hills. In Himachal Pradesh, captain R C Lee planted the fist professionally managed orchard in 1857 in Bandrol in Kullu District. In Shimla – which now produces the largest quality of apples – the first orchard was planted in 1887 in Mashobra, which is now owned by government and primarily function as research centre.
 Apple Production in Himachal Pradesh : An Impending Crisis?, Tikender Singh Panwar, EPW, VOL XLVI, NO 25